What do you mean by communicable diseases?
The diseases that are caused by infection through transmission by a specific agent or through an infected person, animal, vector or even the surrounding environment are called communicable diseases. There are a number of pathogens of these diseases viz. bacteria, fungi, parasites, viruses and prions. Since the diseases belonging to the group of communicable diseases have an impact on the public health, their surveillance and control is a measure taken by the government on an emergency basis.
How can you spreading of communicable diseases?
There are a various methods by which you can prevent communicable diseases from spreading. Maintaining few basic hygiene rules in your everyday life is enough for prevention of some contagious diseases from spreading that can otherwise turn out to be life threatening:
- Maintain a general hygiene– Make sure that you wash your hands before cooking, serving, eating and treating a cut or wound of any person and after handling garbage, coughing or sneezing or even after touching any contaminated item. For better results use sanitizer with 60% alcohol content if soap and water is not available.
- Keep your home and surroundings clean– Keep the place and the utensils you use for cooking clean. Also wash vegetables and raw meat well before cooking. Make sure you are taking well cooked food so that the bacteria and other germs are killed through boiling at high temperature. Use clean water for drinking and cooking purpose.
- Keep your personal belongings separate- Do not share your personal belongings with anyone as these items cannot be disinfected and can carry germs from one body to the other. Toothbrush, razor, combs etc. should be kept separately.
- Vaccination is essential- There are many communicable diseases that can be prevented if you get vaccinated in time. You should not miss the doses according to your age.
Few communicable diseases that can be prevented through awareness
- Tuberculosis– Tuberculosis or TB is a disease caused by attack of germs in the lungs. Every year about 9 million people across the world are diagnosed with this disease. If not treated in time the consequences may turn out to be fatal. We can prevent spreading of this disease among our community by proper screening and medical care.
- Ebola– It started as an epidemic in West Africa and spread out to Sierra Leone and Guinea. It started last year and is regarded as the largest epidemic in the history ever.
- HIV/AIDS– HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus responsible for causing AIDS. About 1.1 million people in the US are battling this disease and many are succumbing to this being unaware of the symptoms at the early stages. There are various transmitters that carry the germs of HIV from one person to the other- from mother to child, open wounds, unprotected sex or even through surgical apparatus or injection needles. According to the World Health Organization, about 0.8% of the adult population is suffering from HIV positive that are between the age group of 15-50.
- Flu– This is a communicable disease caused by the influenza A and B viruses. You must be wondering how this disease is spread among members of the same family. Tiny droplets of viruses are released in the air when you cough or sneeze. You get contaminated through inhaling or touching things where this virus is residing. To prevent yourself being attacked by this virus, you should get yourself vaccinated by a medical expert.